Vivian Maier

While I was focused on Henri Carter-Bresson and Ansel Adams, the new photography icon appeared. Finding Vivian Maier film tells the story of a nanny with the camera who quietly perfected her skill.

Of course, there are books published, articles written, who did what when why. She is the perfect example of the intersection of psychology or psychotherapy, and photography, and how two came together to make her what she become.

Apparently, she had high self-esteem, and her identity was an artist. She was true to the HCB / Leica concept of being a spy of reality, an observer of good and bad.

At the same time, she found the way to compensate her trauma and inferiority through taking pictures. Taking, not publishing. It provided her the necessary healing and means to handle her own battles with her shadow.

Art as therapy is not a new concept. Beautiful images invoke our Self-archetypal projections, while horrific images is our shadow work. The goal is to overcome the struggle with the unconscious and become a socially-accepted person. Vivian Maier did not accomplish that goal.

The beautiful image
The horrific image

Another way to see her work is to see her as a reporter at work, maybe she was dreaming to become one. She took newspapers to study the photographs published. It made her more significant in her own imagination.

The lesson of Vivian Maier discovery is, in my opinion, that there are many individuals who are talented as HCB or Ansel Adams, but not discovered. I don’t want to say that anybody or everybody is, but there are many, regardless of the education or lifestyle.

Visual communication with the reality, known as active imagination, or dhyana, or meditation, isn’t limited just to internal subject or external objects. There is no separation. It’s a human ability to make compositions, to frame visual input into archetypal structures. That’s why it’s a universal language.

Our education system has gaps, many gaps, actually. It focuses us on what is important for the politics of the day. Visual communication become the rejected knowledge. The study of it is limited to the study of its history.

Vivian Maier showed us the way to self-study and perfection of the craft of visual communication. Take newspapers, study photographs, think about what made it taken, selected, and published. Do own thinking. And then practice, make mistakes, practice again.

There is no need to formally own a profession in order to do what you want to do. You are free to do anything. Make your own world that serves your own needs. Be a master of your own life.

Kodak Portra 400 – Part 1

The classical fine grain color negative film, described by the Darkroom Photo Lab Index as “one of the most popular color negative films there is.”

The metering of the scene – overexposed for ISO 200 – using Lumu Power Light Meter app:

The color negative photo scan – using Canon M50 and Viltrox EF-EOS M2 0.71x Lens Mount Adapter:

The converted color version – using the latest FilmLab v2.2.1 using RA-4 Color Negative process:

The edited in C1 black and white result from the converted version:

So, the whole point of using any color negative is to make a color photograph as a result. I do like the color version, but in this particular case, the black and white version makes more sense for the result I wanted to achieve.

Color balance – Daylight. The best way to get the best results is to choose the outdoors.

Contrast – low. Good for soft skin tones.

ISO – high-speed. Good for making a higher shutter speed and avoid blurry images.

Grain structure – fine. Good exposure should provide a clean picture. I do get color noise in the shadows. Maybe 120 mm film provides better results than 35 mm.

Overexposed – fine. Based on the reviews, it should produce better results if shot at ISO 200.

Underexposed – average. Avoid, if possible.

Camera

Currently I have several cameras:

  • Canon 6D
  • Canon M50
  • Leica M2
  • Leica Q
  • Apple iPhone XR (yes, I know)

My main workhorses for casual shooting are an iPhone and Leica Q.

After having Canon 6D (no 4k) for several years, I needed something lighter for travel, so I picked up Panasonic LX10 (4k), and later Canon M5 (no 4k). The mirrorless body benefits really were interesting, but Canon RP (4k) or Sony A7 (no 4k) was not appealing, so I went to Leica Q (no 4k). Switching to Leica M world was not easy using Leica Q, so I got Leica M2 to understand the philosophy of rangefinders and framelines. To leverage various manual M-mount lenses on a digital body I bought Canon M50 (4k). It also can be used with huge Canon EF and tiny Canon EF-M lenses.

Let’s take a look on Leica philosophy and how it is implemented in Leica M2 and Leica Q.

Erwin Put’s Leica Practicum gives a review of the theories of perception and photography in general, as well as a historical review of Leica photography. Also Thorsten von Overgaard gives a good overview of Leica history.

The interesting fact is that the Leica film rangefinder was almost universally adopted by professional photographers in the 1950s. In 2020, professionals use the latest Canon and Nikon digital DSLR or mirrorless cameras. The difference is huge, but the core basics are the same.

Leica philosophy is to preserve the basics from their traditional M cameras. Leica also is trying to compete by creating SL2 which is more like the other modern mirrorless cameras from Panasonic, Sony, Canon or Nikon. In that regard Leica Q/Q2 is an interesting approach that combines M and SL2 elements of design. In fact, it is possible to use Leica Q exactly as one would use Leica M film rangefinder.

The main principles of Leica philosophy:

  1. Making unobtrusive photography possible. The camera with the lens attached has to be compact. It should work just fine without a flash, using the existing light only.
  2. The dominant photographic style as the art photograph in the styles of pictorialism and surrealism. The camera should be a picture-machine: objective, mechanical, technological, giving the photographers new perspectives, strange compositions and in general the unexpected spontaneous look, surrealist approach of intuitive, even subconsciously made snapshots. The Vision approach in Leica photography is to focus (literally!) on the subjective, individualistic aspects of spontaneous picture-making or the ‘artless art of the snapshot’.  
  3. “It is not sociologists who provide insights, but the photographers who are observers at the very heart of their times”. To capture this heart the Leica photographer wanted to as invisible as could be. Cartier-Bresson would vey quickly raise the camera to his eye, take pictures in rapid succession and jump out of the scene. Many Leica adepts cover their Leica M body with black tape to disguise the fact they they are using a camera and the classic black-painted Leica cameras are in great demand on the collectors market. 
  4. The operation of the camera should be minimalistic and simplistic. The aperture and focus controls belong to a lens, the shutter speed and sensitivity controls belong to a body with a clear viewfinder. Point and shoot.
  5. The emotional attachment to the Leica camera is a universal phenomenon. The Dutch photographer Philip Mechanicus used a Leica and noted that he saw masculine and feminine traits in the camera. ‘He’ because of the functional appearance and ‘she’ because of the slimness, proportions and shades of the body. He called this feeling ‘technical eroticism’, and linked this emotion exclusively to the Leica camera. 

Right now Leica is making waves and experiencing a Renaissance. As Ken Rockwell noted, the taste of the modern casual photographers is spoiled by the cheap market from Japan and China, and the quality demands are balanced by the price to pay. The whole question had become a psychological inferiority complex problem:

“Men buy  LEICA, and especially the NOCTILUX, to establish dominance. Owning LEICA is tangible proof of a man’s superior vision, inimitable taste and superior level of accomplishment. LEICAs, instruments of the immortal, are a plaything for the talented. We own LEICA because it is who we are, not because we need to take pictures. LEICAs haven’t been about taking pictures since they went obsolete back in the 1960s. LEICA lenses cost what they do because they are well made and use very high grades of glass (for instance, you have to pay a lot for better homogeneity grades as LEICA does), but most of the price is paying for intangibles like bloodline and heritage. Oskar Barnack’s martyrdom isn’t free. LEICA is about the lifestyle, never the price.

While this Mitakon lens works on a LEICA camera, it doesn’t deserve to be mounted on a LEICA because it lacks bloodline and has no heritage, and certainly doesn’t confer any sort of prestige. It just takes pictures. If you have to worry about price, you should not be playing with LEICA. Sit down and let the big boys play if you can’t afford genuine LEICA lenses for your LEICA camera. The guys I know who own NOCTILUX own an average of three of them, not just one.”

This said, we have to remember that the primary reason we use photography gear is to take beautiful pictures. While it is okay to experiment, buy and sell, try new things, the whole point is not to get busy, or to be busy, or to get into debt, but to find the gear that works for you, a style that works for you, and start producing annual photobooks.

Psychological Teachings: The Bible

Let’s explore The Jewish Study Bible, published by the Oxford University Press, from the point of view of an ancient psychology.

Genesis is a story about the beginning of human culture from the God’s perspective, using a style of the literary conventions of the ancient Near East, full of complexity and sophistication. The same events were presented in many different versions, carefully chosen by the original redactors, to provide some contrast and thought-provoking discussions.

So, the first thing first – there is a God, the idea of a deity which is oneness, non-duality. This is not an abstract concept, but rather a state of consciousness, known in other cultures as well, for example, a pure consciousness in yoga, or the Self archetype in Jungian psychology, associated with wholeness and health.

Genesis starts in chapter 1 by the story that God created heaven and earth. Those are the symbols used in many cultures to describe the primordial opposites – like yin and yang, light and darkness, male and female – the initial duality that are connected and, in the same time, are in conflict with one another. In the western philosophy this division is known as consciousness and the unconscious. In psychology the unconscious is what is hidden, unknown, but can suddenly override consciousness and create a neurotic symptom. The duality is already a neurosis. In Jungian terms this is a personal unconscious, the shadow.

In chapter 2 the God created a garden in Eden, and put a man to tend it. This is still a world that has a connection to divinity, heaven and earth, but now has a Man who can decide what to do by himself. This is consciousness, that has a center of decision-making.

The next idea in chapter 3 is more complicated. We can see that the God was careful in doing the right things using the right way, but now he is facing a challenge. He needs to resolve that challenge. Let’s read the text [3, 23]: “So the Lord God banished him from the garden of Eden, to till the soil from which he was taken.” The soil is the symbol of the physical materiality. Till now we were talking about the different levels of the psyche, but now we extended the psyche to the body, to the nervous system, the brain. That’s how an ancient philosophy tried to explain that the outer world has all the elements of the previous inner worlds.

As we can see, Genesis tells a theory of consciousness, providing an overview of its four levels:

  1. God – non-duality, collective unconscious
  2. Heaven and earth – duality, personal unconscious
  3. A garden of Eden – consciousness, the subject
  4. Soil – physical body, the object

This ancient model of consciousness directly correlates to the structure of modern Jungian psychology, and we can find many more parallels with the Classical philosophy, the Renaissance, and other cultures. There are other texts in the Bible that reiterate this theory, and delve into literary compositions, reflecting the philosophy of that time. Our task is to avoid taking the old obscure texts for its literal meaning and blindly follow the rituals, but to make our own interpretation, find the meaning using the modern worldview.

The Church, the Christianity had multiple dimensions, and it wanted to provide the framework to the entire unconscious world of the humanity in the West. The premise was that Christ had accomplished the one creative act required on earth by the establishment of his church through the crucifixion and the miracle of the resurrection; what remained was for Christians to develop a replica of the divine kingdom in heaven by following direction of the Church leadership, divine monarchy – similar to how it was in Egypt. It used a conceptual model of kabbalah and tried to reconcile the differences with Greek philosophers, who had more humanistic-centered approach. This reconciliation had failed, and the Church went to reformation while the Renaissance created physical science, which eventually expelled from its garden anything psychological.

Our modern world has the material science worldview. It believes in facts that are verifiable by the scientific method. The model of the four levels of consciousness could not survive as it was not easily verifiable, thus the decline of Christianity as a religion, and rise of psychotherapy and parapsychology. The unconscious of the modern individual had lost its frame of reference, and became prone to all kinds of neurotic projections and symptoms, which we all watch in the news every day. The Bible is a work of enormous complexity, and it should be studied and practiced, but with the modern understanding. The old man has gone, and the old ways are not helpful anymore.

Psychological Teachings

As we reviewed the structure of the psyche in the Living between Worlds, its Psychopathology and Archetypes, we are ready to discuss how the mankind historically was trying to deal with all of this.

Carl Jung in the Collected Works, Volume 9, talks about esoteric teachings. We can call them psychological teachings now.

The right way to remove psychopathological symptoms is to face the confusing music of the archetypes. But, it did not happen on the mass scale. Instead, based on the confessions of those few who experienced a hero journey, some narratives were developed that are much more beautiful and comprehensive.

Figure 1. The structure of the psyche with expanded spiritual functions

Those traditional narratives can be grouped in the following categories:

  • myths
  • fairytales
  • religions

As the attractiveness of the traditions faded after the Renaissance, the modern scientific ways to deal with psychopathology are:

  • psychotherapy
  • pharmacology
  • self-help means

Long time ago the primitive people projected inner events onto nature, and they thought that nature actually was that way. They had no idea about own projection, and believed that what they perceived was real physical events – solar, lunar, seasonal, stars, etc. The projections were very subjective and confusing, so over the years of transmission of the initial revelations different people distorted the original text and made it sound more comprehensive and easier to tell. Therefore, the old myths and fairytales were the constructs of the conscious elaboration, based on the initial images of the collective unconscious.

The most advanced form of such narratives were the ruling Western and Eastern world religions. They developed own dogmatic symbols and rituals that were very beautiful and attractive.

The main idea of such narratives, rituals and symbols was to substitute a hero journey with the real archetypes by the less adventurous journey, which was still capable to give some sense of order to people, who experienced psychopathological symptoms, and reduce the devastating effect on their well-being. By following the established and polished over the centuries religious formula, the psyche was regulated externally and the healing was achieved, usually in the form of catharsis.

Modern man believes in materialism and science, and own superiority. As the alternatives to the traditions, there are numerous methods of psychotherapy and empirically discovered procedures that work, as well as clinical trials of the new drugs that are based on the neuroscience.

Also, now we have access to education in the form of self-help books, Internet articles, YouTube videos, movie industry, fitness, yoga, taichi, mindfulness, and drinking culture that can be used to reduce the symptoms.

The Spiritual Function of our consciousness is to differentiate things, make the unconscious conscious, and the mankind produced many traditional and modern means to deal with the split without affecting the Social Function, which became the supreme value of the civilization, business owners, and policy makers.

Technology Management

While the CIO focuses on IT Systems, the CTO role is to innovate with technology. Gartner developed a Hype Cycle Methodology for emerging technology that allows to discover the trends, and provide the governance structure on the enterprise level around adoption of disruptive technologies.

At the same time the CTO is evaluating the existing Technology Portfolio, and manages it in order to limit the duplication proliferation in terms of separate licenses for the same product or service, and diversity of products with the same functionality. It promotes cost saving and cost avoidance.

Technology also poses some risks. Every new product and vendor, including a supply chain, should go through the assessment process from accessibility, vendor support lifecycle, and cybersecurity viewpoints.

One way to manage all of these is by establishing an IT Asset Management capability. IT Infrastructure Library (ITIL) provides an example reference model. The idea is to define the lifecycle of the IT asset, and manage every change in an integrated manner.

To reach that goal several things should happen:

  1. The enterprise should publish the IT Asset Management policy.
  2. The ITAM solution platform should be selected and made operational.
  3. All ITAM functions should use the same ITAM solution platform in order to avoid integration issues and data duplications.
  4. All technology products should be standardized in terms of the naming convention and the vendor lifecycle. The idea is to make everyone in the organization to use the same shared vocabulary.
  5. The Approved Technology List (the whitelist) should be established and published.
  6. Every server and device should be continuously monitored for compliance with the Approved Technology List.
Figure 1. IT Asset Management System Architecture

A popular ITAM solution platform is ServiceNow.

One way to standardize the product names is to use Flexera Normalize application. It allows to replace different variations of the names for the same product version with the only one. In that case the IT Asset Inventory will be clean from duplication.

The get the vendor product lifecycle data, Flexera Technopedia database offers the single point of reference. It relies on the standard names from Flexera Normalize.

One way to ensure that the organization has a mature ITAM capability is to place an IT Help Desk request. If you are an employee with the device given by the organization, the IT Help Desk should know what is the name of your device, and what is installed, and what licenses you have – at the current moment.

Usually the Technology Portfolio is managed as part of the Enterprise Architecture Portfolio. It allows to track which applications are using which technology, and which capabilities are using which applications.

Technology Insertion should come from the projects and from the emerging technology governance. One way to attract potential investments is to establish enterprise platforms for experimentation and pilots, where projects can play before they buy.

The idea is to define the Target State of Technology Portfolio, and gradually modernize existing applications toward it. The best way is to use Application Portfolio Management together with Technology Modernization and Data Management. A good example is a move to the cloud. If it is not well planned, the IT projects will create the same complexity in the cloud as it was before. The same with adoption of RPA or blockchain. The cost saving is not easy to get without cost modeling and strategic planning.

While Business is driving the needs for IT support, disruptive technologies also became the driver that challenge the traditional business processes and offer remarkable benefits to the organization, if applied correctly.

Archetypes

Previously we discussed the general structure of the psyche in Living between Worlds and some indicators of the split in Psychopathology. Now let’s take a look at the archetypes that create those indicators.

Carl Jung in the Collected Works, Volume 9, talks about the archetypes of the collective unconscious.

As Jim Hollis described, the archetype is the organizing function, that includes a cluster of energies, responsible for the specific type of a split, and a corresponding compensatory function. 

Archetypes are the content of the collective unconscious, which are very old patterns of experience that every human goes through, unconsciously. They formed long time ago, and every person is born with them. This collective inheritance makes us human.

The way we can become aware of archetypes is by projection onto external things. When we are trying to perceive something, we always have to deal with projections, whether we know about it or not. Those projections reflect the psychic processes that are so deep in our psyche that we cannot easily differentiate them from our perception.

Figure 1. The structure of the psyche with expanded archetypes functions

The psychopathological function provides plenty of examples of archetypal projections that distort our normal perception of reality, and our reactions. Loosing self-awareness, experiencing strange feelings, dreams, changes of energy level are the results of archetypal projections.

Even our normal social function is govern by the archetypes. Our language is based on them too. When we think, we think in the forms that are organized by the archetypes. Our insights are the archetypal projections.

Let’s discuss the following major archetypes:

  • The archetype of meaning
  • The archetype of transformation
  • The archetype of the shadow
  • The archetype of the anima / animus
  • The archetype of the Self

When we first approach the unconscious, we face the personal unconscious. This is a thin layer where our individual experiences that are repressed or forgotten are stored. It contains feeling-toned complexes that we encounter when we are tired or irritated. This layer is governed by the shadow archetype. Usually we experience shadow projections in terms like “the enemy” or something “bad”.

The next layer is anima (for men) / animus (for women). This is a beginning of the huge collective unconscious realm. It is not easy to get there, because our shadow as the door is on the way. The anima is a real “witch” that can really mess us up. At the same time the anima is the feeling of being alive, and true happiness.

The archetype of meaning defines the purpose to live, feeling connected to the real truth, getting an insight. We all seek this meaning. When we get it, we have this resonance feeling as the affirmation.

To get to the archetype of meaning, one has to invoke the archetype of transformation. This transformation pattern allows us to go through the shadow and anima to the archetype of the Self.

The archetype of the Self is “stopping the world” experience. Our projections and perceptions cease to exist. We have the numinous experience. This is called “the enlightenment”.

The whole discovery of these archetypes and going through the transformation process is called “individuation” or “a hero journey”. This process provides the healing of the split between the ego and the instincts, and eliminates the psychopathological symptoms (a “victory”).

While these concepts were defined and redefined using different terminology through the entire history of mankind, each person still has to discover them on one’s own to get practical understanding of them. We all are busy with our social function, and our system of education, including family, does not provide such a background. Therefore, we continue with what we got, mostly quietly working on our own symptoms, and getting things done regardless of the shortcomings of our consciousness.

Psychopathology

In the Living between Worlds post we discussed the general structure of the psyche from the Jungian perspective. Now we will take a detailed look at the Psychopathology Function.

Nancy McWilliams published a second edition of her “Psychoanalytic Diagnosis” book, where she presented a modern psychoanalytic model of mental diseases, rendered as personality structures for the clinical therapy. This model is defined to help to decide on the method of therapy to apply in each case. In other words, the model actually describes the groups of methods rather than the personality types.

Figure 1. The structure of the psyche with expanded psychopathology functions

The main idea is that an individual has to go through a development process, and sometimes it does not go as planned. Depending on the stage of the development where the issue occurred, an individual manifests different symptoms.

There are three major personality structures:

  • neurotic
  • borderline
  • psychotic

Neurotic personality can be applied to a large group of people with minor emotional distress. They still have a high objective and rational capacity to function. While they might use primary defenses like yelling, they mostly rely on the mature secondary defenses under stress such as repression. Neurotics have a good sense of identity and consistency, can express their values, virtues, and shortcomings in a multi-dimensional manner. Also they have a solid sense of reality without major distortions. The major neurotic symptoms are anxiety and low self esteem. They seek therapy to reduce some repeating conflicts of their own making, and expand some capacities that they are lacking. Usually such symptoms indicate problems during the father stage of development.

Psychotic personality under stress have severe symptoms of hallucinations, delusions, illogical thinking, being paranoid and terrified. They use primary defenses such as denial, withdrawal, omnipotent control, primitive idealization, and extreme dissociation. The major symptom is their hostility. Psychotics have a problem with own identity up to questioning own existence. They are deeply confused who they are. They are not in touch with reality, and often go too far into magical thinking. They have issues with getting perspectives on their own psychological problems as they lack reflective thinking.

Borderline personality exhibit use of primary defenses under stress, but can change behavior when confronted. They have a confusion about own identity, but they know they exist. They have trouble of being tolerant and self-regulate, but can remain silent or provide one-dimensional answer. Usually they don’t want to change their personality. When they alone, they feel abandoned, but when they feel close to someone else, they panic of fear of losing total control, which drives others to feel exhausted. Usually such symptoms indicate problems during the mother stage of development.

While most of us can sometimes experience any of those symptoms, it is important to evaluate them from the long-term perspective, how repetitive and typical they are. Regardless of personality structure, such people usually live and work, have families, and are members of the community. Some of them attend psychotherapy sessions, some visit psychiatric wards, but most just live as best as they can.

It is important to remind that the severity of these psychopathological symptoms reflect the severity of the split between instincts and the ego. They are just indicators that the social function went too far off. People are getting stuck in impossible situations, but persist in old thinking. The unconscious is trying to heal such splits by sending those indicators, including changes in energy level, feelings, and dream imagery. This is the cost of civilization, its conventional morality, and still ongoing maturation of the consciousness.

Data Management

The CIO position was defined around Information domain, but in practice the CIO became responsible for IT systems. The new attempt to get to the Information domain was introduced as a CDO position – Data focused. In reality, it all is together – data and IT systems, as well as cloud platforms.

The President’s Management Agenda (PMA) defined the CAP Goal 2 Leveraging Data as a Strategic Asset [1] as leverage data to grow the economy, increase the effectiveness of the Federal Government, facilitate oversight, and promote transparency. This goal is supported by the Federal Data Strategy [2], including Practice 6 Convey Insights from Data: Use a range of communication tools and techniques to effectively present insights from data to a broad set of audiences. 

EA role is to develop a strategic plan, a target state, and a roadmap of IT projects. The target state should be cost effective, and reuse existing IT systems and cloud platforms, as well as consolidate multiple duplications.

There are many components in the Enterprise Data Management architecture.

Figure 1. BI System Architecture

First, EA needs to define the requirements for the executive dashboard, the KPIs. What kind of questions and answers stakeholders are looking for?

Based on that expected outcome and output, EA determines what are the data needs and BI capabilities needs. There are three temporal dimensions: the past (retrospective), the present (operational) and the future (predictive).

Second, EA defines data standards for the whole enterprise to follow. Those data standards should support the defined KPIs. For example, if the executive dashboard has a geographical aspect, then data standards should include geospatial data standards.

The biggest challenge is to establish a data stewardship culture. Every System Owner should have a training in data management, data modeling, and data analytics. They need to understand how data can help to solve the business problems, and why it is important to follow the data standards and data management plan for own IT system in order to achieve the enterprise data management goals.

When the data management culture is followed, then IT systems and databases need to be refactored to follow the data standards. In agile manner, it takes several increments and several releases in order to avoid breaking the dependencies.

When data is standardized, EA needs to establish an Enterprise Data Asset Catalog. Each data asset has to have just one authoritative data source. It takes time to discover different duplicates and consolidate them. EA discovers and documents data lineage in a CRUD matrix.

Every data asset needs to be categorized in terms of Business Objects. EA use bottom-up approach to document the existing standardized Physical Data Model, and then abstract it into Logical and Conceptual models. After that EA, based on the Business Capability Model, refines the data models using a top-down approach. These refined data categories are the final Business Objects that are used to tag the data assets in the Enterprise Data Asset Catalog.

The standardized and Data-model aligned data assets now can be fed into the Enterprise Data Warehouse (EDW) which is a Data Lake. If data is jammed into EDW without standardization or tagging, then it is very hard to make any sense out of it using BI tools. BI tools cannot do magic. They produce results based on the quality of data they have. Data scientists can try to cleanse and transform the data as much as they can, but if the organization does not follow the data standards, and data sources are not known, and data assets are not tagged, then the value of BI tools is very, very low.

As the CIO has its own office, own people, the same way the CDO must have its own people, like data scientists who know not just Python, but also modern data management concepts, including DAMA DMBOK, NIEM, and SOA. Data architects should follow the EA Enterprise Data Management Architecture as the overall vision of the target state, and every System Owner needs to report on the IT system alignment to the enterprise data standards, data sources used, and data assets registration in the Enterprise Data Catalog.

It is a long road, but no organization can afford to avoid it. Business, at the end, is its people, knowledge (data), and processes (IT systems).


1. The President’s Management Agenda 2018, https://www.performance.gov/CAP/leveragingdata/

2. OMB Federal Data Strategy 2020, https://strategy.data.gov/assets/docs/2020-federal-data-strategy-action-plan.pdf

Digitizing Film

As I wrote before, usually the film is scanned into digital files, so I do not treat analog photography differently from digital.

There are many reasons to digitize film, and one is to unify the post-production workflow, including backup.

So far I discovered the following approaches to scanning:

  1. Let the photo lab to do it.
  2. Use a dedicated film scanning device.
  3. Scan at home using a scanner.
  4. Take a picture of the film using a digital camera.

Before I just asked the lab to provide me the scans, and they asked the question which resolution do I need. Since I was new to film photography and scanning, I asked which resolution is the most popular. The answer was a medium res, $10 for 36 frames. In two days I had an email with the link to download my scans. Each JPG file had 2205 × 1470 pixels and around 1 MB size. The quality was good, and I was happy.

After watching some YouTube videos, I found out that people prefer scanning at home, and use scanners or digital cameras to get high-res files. One point was really interesting – to get a RAW image of the film frame. The RAW image means much more information to play with to get the best results possible.

Since I had my Canon DSLRs already, I tried the lenses I have already. The image of the frame was too small. I used a set of cheap close-up filters to boost macro capability, but distortion was too great to fix it in post. Then I ordered cheap macro tubes, and it did not work either.

Sigma 70mm f/2.8 EX DG Macro

There are two versions of this lens: the new Art version, and the previous, non-Art version. I was looking for something cheap, hence non-Art. Both lenses have a special flat design to take pictures of the prints and film.

Negative Lab Pro forum has a whole showcase of DSLR film scanning setup. People are very creative in ensuring that the light source is bright and even, the focus is sharp, and the rig is stable. There is no right or wrong way to do it.

I use Capture One tethering to take a picture.

There is no good solution for film conversion inside of Capture One yet. People use Negative Lab Pro plugin for Adobe Lightroom Classic, that is expensive and requires Adobe Creative subscription.

My decision is to use Film Lab for Mac.

Film Lab converts negative RAW image into JPG or TIFF. The adjustments are basic, but auto settings work just fine. This is a really good alternative to Negative Lab Pro for Capture One users.

I keep RAW negatives (true Digital NeGatives DNG!) in Capture folder, and converted JPG/TIFF in Selects folder.

The next steps are identical to the normal digital images Post-Production.